NAME: astxy2rd PURPOSE: Astrometry conversion from image (x,y) to ($\alpha$,$\delta$) DESCRIPTION: This transformation can either be based on a simple linear transformation with rotation from the celestial sphere to linear CCD chip coordinates. Or, it can use a full astrometric solution (including linear). The simple linear transformation is only an approximate treatment and will not work for very large fields. The best results will come from the full-up treatment. CATEGORY: Astrometry CALLING SEQUENCE: astxy2rd,x,y,info,ra,dec INPUTS: x - X coordinate in image y - Y coordinate in image info - Transformation information held in an anonymous structure. There are two different groups of tags that can appear. The original simple linear transformation needs the following tags: pscale - Plate scale (arcsec/pixel). rang - Rotation angle of image (radians). xflip - -1 if image flipped in X, 1 if not. yflip - -1 if image flipped in Y, 1 if not. The full-up transformation requires a different set of tags: renormfac - normalization factor cxi - xi transformations coefficients (x,y -> xi) ceta - eta transformations coefficients (x,y -> eta) terms - list of terms to fit prot - Rotation to get to standard coordinates (radians) Both types need the following. xcref - X center of image. ycref - Y center of image. raref - Right ascension of center of image (tangent plane). decref - Declination of center of image (tangent plane). OPTIONAL INPUT PARAMETERS: KEYWORD INPUT PARAMETERS: FULL - Flag, if set indicates the full transformation should be used. Only the tags needed must be provided. OUTPUTS: ra - Right ascension (radians) dec - Declination (radians) KEYWORD OUTPUT PARAMETERS: DX - Internal transformed x value (normalized for /full) DY - Internal transformed y value (normalized for /full) XI - tangent plane coordinate (arcsec) ETA - tangent plane coordinate (arcsec) COMMON BLOCKS: SIDE EFFECTS: RESTRICTIONS: PROCEDURE: The following applies to the /FULL conversion. The solution is a two-step conversion. You start with raw coordinates that typically relate to the original position in the native coordinate system for the device. The first transformation step is to convert to another system related to the first by a translation and rotation. e.g. xp = ( (x-xc)*cos(prot) + (y-yc)*sin(prot) ) / renormfac yp = ( -(x-xc)*sin(prot) + (y-yc)*cos(prot) ) / renormfac The astrometric transformation then maps xp,yp to ra,dec. MODIFICATION HISTORY: 1997/04/05 - Written by Marc W. Buie, Lowell Observatory 2009/06/22, MWB added full-up transformation and changed the simple linear transformation to use xi/eta tangent plane 2009/08/05, MWB, modified full transformation to include a coordinate rotation, this requires an extra tag in info structure. 2009/11/02, MWB, split off most of code into astxy2sn