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Bibliography

CSEPR Book Series
Bibliography

American Astronautical Society, “The US Competitive Position in Space: an AAS Assessment” (1990).

Bellavita, Christopher, “Public Policy, Organization Theory and Space Stations” in Policy Studies Review Vol. 7, No. 2 (Winter 1987) pp. 275-289.

Brown, S. and L.L. Fabian, “Towards Mutual Accountability in the Nonterrestrial Realms” in International Organisation 29 (1975) pp. 877-892).

Caiden, Martin, War for the Moon (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1959).

Cooper, Lawrence A., “Encouraging Space Exploration Through a New Application of Property Rights” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 2 (May, 2003) pp. 111-118.

Corey, Kenneth E., “Intelligent Corridors: Outcomes of Electronic Space Policies” in Journal of Urban Technology Vol. 7, No. 2 (2000) pp. 1-22.

Corn, David, “DeLay’s Grab for NASA” in The Nation (May 9, 2005) pp. 4-6.

Crawford, I.A. “Space Development: Social and Political Implications” in Space Policy Vol. 11, Issue 4 (November, 1995) pp. 219-225.

Crawford, I.A. “A Space Programme for Planet Earth” in Spaceflight 34 (April 1992) pp. 121-124.

Crawford, I.A. “Space World Government and the End of History” in J British Interplanetary Society 46 (1993) pp. 415-420.

Crawford, I.A. “The Starship as an Exercise in World Government” in Spaceflight 35 (June 1993) pp. 188-190; (July, 1993) pp. 250-252.

Crawford, I.A., “On the Formation of a Global Space Agency” in Spaceflight 23 (1981) pp. 316-317.

Creola, Peter, “Space and the Fate of Humanity” in Space Policy Vol. 12, Issue 3 (August, 1996) pp. 193-201.

France, Martin E.B., “Back to the Future: Space Power Theory and A.T. Mahan” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 4 (November, 2000) pp. 237-241.

Gaggero, Eduardo D., “New Roles in Space for the 21 st Centry: a Uruguayan View” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 3 (August, 2003) pp. 203-210.

Galloway, Jonathan F., “Game Theory and the Law and Policy of Outer Space” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 2 (May, 2004) pp. 87-90.

Kay, W.D., ”Problem Definitions and Policy Contradictions: John F. Kennedy and the ‘Space Race’” in The Policy Studies Journal Vol. 31, No. 1 (2003) pp. 53-69.

Keiper, Adam, “The Right Plan” in The New Atlantis (Winter 2004).

Keiper, Adam, “A New Vision for NASA” in The New Atlantis (Fall 2003).

Lafferranderie, G., “How to ‘Entrench’ the Regulation of Human Activities in Space” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 2 (May, 2001) pp. 77-80.

Launius, Roger, “Kennedy’s Space Policy Reconsidered: A Post-Cold War Retrospective” in Air Power History (Winter 2003) pp. 16-29.

Logsdon, John M., “The United States, the Only Space Superpower” in Space Policy Vol. 13, Issue 4 (November, 1997) pp. 273-277.

McLean, Alasdair, “A New Era? Military Space Policy Enters the Mainstream” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 4 (November, 2000) pp. 243-247.

Michaud, Michael A.G., “Ten Decisions that Could Shake the World” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 2 (May, 2003) pp. 131-136.

Mowthorpe, M., “US Military Space Policy 1945-92” in Space Policy Vol. 18, Issue 1 (February, 2002) pp. 25-36.

Mowthorpe, Matthew, “The United States Post Cold War Military Space Policy” in The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies Vol. 28, No. 1 (Spring 2003) pp. 3-29.

NASA “The Vision for Space Exploration” (February 2004).

National Research Council Space Studies Board, New Frontiers in the Solar System: an Integrated Exploration Strategy (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2003).

National Research Council Space Studies Board, Issues and Opportunities Regarding the US Space Program: a Summary Report of a Workshop on National Space Policy

O’Donnell, Declan J., “The International Space Development Authority” Space Technology and Applications International Forum (2003).

Pal, Yash, “Space and Human Security” in Space Policy Vol. 13, Issue 3 (August, 1997) pp. 179-185.

Pasco, Xavier, “A New Role for a New Milennium? The Changing Nature of Space Activities” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 1 (February, 2003) pp. 15-22.

Pilcher, C.B., WWS 402b Course Director, The Search for Origins – Issue for Space Policy, A Report of the Policy Taskforce on Origins (Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, May, 1999).

Pop, Virgiliu, “Appropriation in Outer Space: the Relationship Between Land Ownership and Sovereignty on the Celestial Bodies in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 4 (November, 2000) pp. 275-282.

Reynolds, Glenn H. and Robert P. Merges, Outer Space: Problems of Law and Policy, second ed. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997).

Rose, Alexander, “Giant Leaps… off a Cliff: Why US Space Policy is All Wrong” in National Review (February 28, 2005) pp. 28-29.

Smitherman Jr., David V., “Pathways to Colonization” Space Technology and Applications International Forum (2003).

Space Policy Institute and Association of Space Explorers, “International Cooperation in Space – New Opportunities, New Approaches” in Space Policy Vol. 8 No. 3 (1992) pp. 195-203.

Whyte, Neil and Philip Gummett, “Far Beyond the Bounds of Science: The Making of the United Kingdom’s First Space Policy” in Minerva 35 (1997) pp. 139-169.

Zubrin, Robert, “Getting Space Exploration Right” in The New Atlantis (Spring 2005).

Space and National Security

Air Force Space Command, ”Vision: Executive Sumary” (1998).

The Associated Press, “Scientists Issue Warnings on Space Weapons” MSNBC.com (May 19, 2005).

The Commission to Assess US National Security Space Management and Operations, “Report of the Commission: Executive Summary” (January 11, 2001).

Crawford, I.A., “Disarming for the Future: Changing Swords into Spaceships,” in New Scientist (May 19, 1990) p. 93.

David, Leonard, “What Should US Military Do in Space?” MSNBC.com (June 17, 2005).

Deblois, Lt. Col. Bruce M., “Space Sanctuary: A Viable National Strategy” in Aerospace Power Journal (Winter 1998).

Department of Defense, “DoD Press Release on Rumsfeld Space Initiative” (May 8, 2001).

Elhefnawy, Nader, “Four Myths About Space Power” in Parameters (Spring 2003) pp. 124-132.

Ellis, James O. Jr., “US Strategic Command: Meeting Global Challenges” in JFQ (issue 35) pp. 28-33.

Goh, Gerardine Meishan, “Keeping the Peace in Outer Space: A Legal Framework for the Prohibition of the Use of Force” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 4 (November, 2004) pp. 259-278.

Hitchens, Theresa, “Weapons in Space: Silver Bullet or Russian Roulette? The Policy Implications of US Pursuit of Space-Based Weapons” Presentation to the Ballistic Missile Defense and the Weaponization of Space Project, George Washington University (April 18, 2002).

Johnson-Freese, Joan, “Transitioning to a Space & Air Force: Moving Beyond Rhetoric?” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 4 (November, 2000) pp. 249-259.

Krepon, Michael, “Lost in Space: the Misguided Drive Toward Antisatellite Weapons” in Foreign Affairs Vol. 80, No. 3 (May/June 2001) pp. 2-8.

Logsdon, John M., “Just Say Wait to Space Power” in Issues in Science and Technology (Spring 2001).

Logsdon, John M., “Finding a Path to Sapcepower” in JFQ (Winter 2002-3) pp. 72-77.

Logsdon, John M., “Reflections of Space as a Vital National Interest” in Astropolitics (2003).

Mowthorpe, Matthew, “The United States Requirements for an Antisatellite (ASAT) Capability” in The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies Vol. 27, No. 2 (Summer 2002) pp. 131-149.

Moore, Mike, “Non-aggressive Weapons?” in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (March/April 2001) pp. 17-19.

Reuters, “US Prepares New Space Defense Policy” MSNBC.com (May 18, 2005).

Toner, Dr. James H., “Military OR Ethics” in Air & Space Power Journal (Summer 2003) pp. 79-86.

Nuclear Material in Space

Gunn, Stanley, “Nuclear Propulsion – a Historical Perspective” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 4 (November, 2001) pp. 291-298.

Hagen, Regina and Jurgen Scheffran, “Nuclear Space – an Indispensable Option?” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 4 (November, 2001) pp. 261-264.

Hansson, Anders, “Nuclear Power and Propulsion in Space” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 4 (November, 2001) pp. 241-242.

Howe, Steven D., “High Energy-Density Propulsion – Reducing the Risk to Humans in Planetary Exploration” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 4 (November, 2001) pp. 275-283.

Lenard, Roger X., “Societal Imperatives and the Need for Space Nuclear Power and Propulsion Systems” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 4 (November, 2001) pp. 285-289.

Shaw, Gwyneth K., “Advice to NASA Supports Nuclear-Fueled Spaceflight” Nuclear Policy Research Institute (June 4, 2003).

General Space Exploration

Billings, Laura, “Frontier Days in Space: Are they Over?” in Space Policy Vol. 13, Issue 3 (August, 1997) pp. 187-190.

Dick, Steven J., “Why We Explore” www.nasa.gov/missions/solarsystem.

Launius, Roger D., “The Historical Dimension of Space Exploration: Reflections and Possibilities” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 1 (February, 2000) pp. 23-38.

Logsdon, John, “The Often Uncounted Payoffs from Space” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 1 (February, 2001) pp. 5-6.

Mendell, Wendell, “The Vision of Human Spaceflight” in Space Policy Vol. 21, Issue 1 (February, 2005) pp. 7-10.

National Commission on Space, Pioneering the Space Frontier (New York: Bantam Books, 1986).

Sagan, Carl, Cosmos (New York: Random House, 1980).

Simberg, Rand, “The Path Not Taken” in The New Atlantis 6 (Summer 2004) pp. 46-64.

Extraterrestrial Life

Billingham, J., et al., eds. Social Implications of Detecting an Extraterrestrial Civilization. Mountain View, CA: SETI Institute (March, 1994).

Bova, Ben and B. Preiss, eds, First Contact: the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence New York: NAL Books (1990).

Broad, WJ, “Reports of Dead Mars are Greatly Exaggerated” in New York Times (July 25, 2000) p. D1, D4.

Davies, Paul, Are We Alone? Philosophical Implications of the Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life (New York: BasicBooks, 1995).

Dick, Steven J., Life on Other Worlds: the 20 th Century Extraterrestrial Life Debate (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Dick, Steven J. (ed.), The New Universe, Extraterrestrial Life & the Theological Implications (Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press: 2000).

Dick, Steven J., “Extraterrestrial Life and our World View at the Turn of the Millennium” Dibner Library Lecture, Smithsonian Institution Libraries (May 2, 2000).

Fasan, E., Relations with Alien Intelligences: The Scientific Basis of Metalaw (Berlin, Germany: Berlin Verlag, 1970).

Finney, BR, “The Impact of Contact” in Acta Astronautica Vol. 21, No. 2 (1990) pp. 117-21.

Galloway, Jonathan F., “An International Relations Perspective on the Consequences of SETI” in Space Policy Vol. 12, Issue 2 (May, 1996) pp. 135-137.

Kopal, V., “International Law Implications of the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligent Signals” in Acta Astronautica Vol. 21, No. 2 (1990) pp. 123-6.

Kross, John, “The Search for Life on Mars” in Ad Astra (July, 1996) p. 34.

Landis, Geoffrey A., “Searching for Life: the Case for Halobacteria on Mars” American Institute of Physics, CP552, Space Technology and Applications International Forum (2001).

Logsdon, J.M., Ziegelaar, and A.M. Burns, eds., “Life on Mars: What Are the Implications?” Proceedings of a Symposium, “Life in the Universe: What Can the Martian Fossil Tell Us” held on Nov. 22, 1996. Space Policy Institute, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., 1997.

Lupisella, Mark, “Ensuring the Integrity of Possible Martian Life” NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 1999.

Lyall, F., “SETI and Law: What if the Search Succeeds?” in Space Policy Vol. 14 (1998).

Michaud, Michael A.G., “Policy Issues in Communicating with ETI” in Space Policy Vol. 14, Issue 3 (August, 1998) pp. 173-178.

Race, Margaret and Richard O. Randolph, “The Need for Operating Guidelines and a Decision Making Framework Applicable to the Discovery of Non-Intelligent Extratesstrial Life” in Advances in Space Research 30 (2002) pp. 1583-91.

Randolph, Richard O., Margaret Race, and Christopher P. McKay, “Reconsidering the Theological and Ethical Implications of Extraterrestrial Life” in CTNS Bulletin, Vol. 17. No. 3 (Summer 1997) pp. 1-8.

Schenkel, P., “Legal Frameworks for Two Contact Scenarios” in J British Interplanetary Soc. 50 (1997) pp. 258-262.

Schostak, S., “Media Reaction to a SETI Success” International Astronautical Congress (Turin, Italy), International Astronautical Federation, 3-5 Rue Mario-Nikis, 75015 Paris, France (1997).

Schostak, S., Sharing the Universe, Perspectives on Extraterrestrial Life (Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Hills Books, 1998).

Tarter, D.E., “Security Consideratoin in Signal Detection.” International Astronautical Congress, IAA-97-IAA.9.2.05 (Turin, Italy), International Astronautical Federation, 3-5 Rue Mario-Nikis, 75015 Paris, France (1997).

Tough, A., ed. When SETI Succeeds: The Impact of High-Information Contact. Foundation for the Future, 123 105 th Avenue SE, Bellevue, WA 98004 (2000).

Vakoch, D.A. and Y.S. Lee, “Reactions to Receipt of a Message form Extraterrestrial Intelligence: A Cross-Cultural Empirical Study” in Acta Astronautica 46, No. 10-12 (2000) pp. 737-44.

White, Lewis Beck, “Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life” in Essays by Lewis Beck White, ed. P. Cicovacki (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 1998), pp. 101-21. Originally published in Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 45 (1971-72) pp. 5-21.

Zahnle, K., “Decline and Fall of the Empire” in Nature 412 (2001) pp. 209-13.

Ethics and Space Exploration

Almond Jr., Harry H., “A Draft Convention for Protecting the Environment of Outer Space,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-third Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tokyo, Japan (September 21-28, 1980).

Callicott, J. Baird, “Moral Considerability and Extraterrestrial Life” in Moral Expertise, ed. D. MacNiven p. ## (London: Routledge, 1990).

Cockell, Charles and Gerda Horneck, “A Planetary Park System for Mars” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 4 (November, 2004) pp. 291-295.

Cockell, Charles, Don White, Douglas Messier, and M. Dale Stokes, “Fostering Links Between Environmental and Space Exploration: the Earth and Space Foundation” in Space Policy Vol. 18, Issue 4 (November, 2002) pp. 301-306.

Ginsberg, Robert, “The Future of Interplanetary Ethics,” Journal of Social Philosophy 2 (1972) pp. 5-7.

Hargrove, Eugene (ed.), Beyond Spaceship Earth: Environmental Ethics and the Solar System (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1986).

Hartmann, William K., “Space Exploration and Environmental Issues” in Environmental Ethics Vol. 6 (Fall 1984) pp.??

Lee, Kam, “Awe and Humility: Intrinsic Value in Nature – Beyond an Earthbound Environmental Ethics” in Philosophy and the Natural Environment, R. Attfield & A. Belsey, eds. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994) pp. 89-101.

Livingston, David, “A Code of Ethics for Conducting Business in Outer Space” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 2 (May, 2003) pp. 93-94.

Logsdon, John M., “Which Direction in Space?” in Space Policy Vol. 21, Issue 2 (May, 2005) pp. 85-88.

Lupisella, Mark, and John Logsdon “Do We Need a Cosmocentric Ethic?” Paper IAA-97-

IAA.9.2.09 presented at the 48th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, Turin, Italy (October 1997).

Lupisella, Mark, “From Biophysical Cosmology to Cosmocentrism” in SETI In the 21 st Century: Cultural and Scientific Aspects (SETI Australia Center, January 1998).

Maryniak, Gregg E. and Richard Boudreault, “Resources of Free Space vs. Flags and Footprints on Mars” in Space Policy Vol. 12, Issue 2 (May, 1996) pp. 103-117.

Marshall, Alan, “Ethics and the Extraterrestrial Environment” in Journal of Applied Philosophy vol. 10 (1993) p. 227

McArthur, Dan and Idil Boran, “Agent-Centered Restrictions and the Ethics of Space Exploration” in Journal of Social Philosophy vol. 35 No. 1 (Spring 2004) pp. 148-163.

Rex, Dietrich, “Will Space Run out of Space? The Orbital Debris Problem and its Mitigation” in Space Policy Vol. 14, Issue 2 (May, 1998) pp. 95-105.

Scherer, Alan, “A Disentropic Ethic” in Monist 71 (1988) pp. 3-33.

Scherer, Donald, “Anthropocentrism, Atomism, and Environmental Ethics” in Environmental Ethics Vol. 4 (Summer 1982) pp.??

Spennemann, Dirk H.R., “The Ethics of Treading on Neil Armstrong’s Footprints” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 4 (November, 2004) pp. 279-290.

Thomas, Laurence, “Moral Behaviour and Rational Creatures of the Universe,” in Monist 71 (1998) pp. 59-72.

White, Lewis Beck, “Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life” in Essays by Lewis Beck White P. Cicovacki, ed. (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 1998) pp. 101-21. Originally published in Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 45 (1971-72): 5-21.

Williamson, Mark, “Space Ethics and Protection of the Space Environment” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 1 (February, 2003) pp. 47-52.

Planetary Engineering / Colonization

Averner, M.M. and R.D. MacElroy, “On the Habitability of Mars: an Approach to Planetary Ecosynthesis” NASA SP-414 (1976).

Boston, P.J., ed. “The Case for Mars” AAS Science and Technology Series Vol. 62 (1984).

Brand, Stewart, ed., Space Colonies (New York: Penguin Books, 1977).

Fogg, Martyn J., “The Ethical Dimensions of Space Settlement” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 3 (July, 2000) pp. 205-211.

Fogg, Martyn, Terraforming: Engineering Planetary Environments (Warrendale: SAE Internationsl, 1995).

Gillett, Steve, “The Ethics of Terraforming” in Amazing (August 1992) pp. 72-74.

Grinspoon, David, ”Is Mars Ours? The Logistics and Ethics of Colonizing the Red Planet” http://slate.msn.com/id/2093579/ (January 7, 2004).

Haynes, Robert H., “Ecce Ecopoiesis: Playing God on Mars” in Moral Expertise, Dan MacNiven (ed) Moral Expertise: Studies in Practical and Professional Ethics New York: Routledge (1990).

Hiscox, J.A., “Biology and the Planetary Engineering of Mars” http://spot.colorado.edu/~marscase/cfm/articlse/biorev3.html, (1996).

Ishikawa, Y., T. Ohkita, and Y. Amemiya, “Mars Habitation 2057: Concept Design of a Mars Settlement in the Year 2057” in JBIS 43 (1990) pp. 505-512.

Lupisella, Mark, “The Rights of Martians” in Space Policy Vol. 13, Issue 2 (May, 1997) pp. 89-94.

MacNiven, Don, “Environmental Ethics and Planetary Engineering´in Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 48 (1995) pp. 441-43.

Martin, A.R. “Space Resources and the Limits to Growth,” in J British Interplanetary Society 38 (1985) p. 243.

McKay, Christopher P., “Does Mars Have Rights? An Approach to the Environmental Ethics of Planetary Engineering” in Moral Expertise, Dan MacNiven (ed) Moral Expertise: Studies in Practical and Professional Ethics New York: Routledge (1990).

McKay, C.P., ed., “The Case for Mars II” AAS Science and Technology Series, Vol. 62 (1985).

McKay, C.P., O.B. Toon, and J.F. Kasting, “Making Mars Habitable” in Nature 352 (1991) pp. 489-496.

Sparrow, Robert, ”The Ethics of Terraforming” in Environmental Ethics Vol. 21 (Fall 1999) pp.##

Stoker, C.R., ed., “The Case for Mars III” AAS Science and Technology Series, Vol. 74-75 (1989).

Turner, Frederick, “Life on Mars: Cultivating a Planet and Ourselves” in Harpers Magazine (August 1989) pp. ##.

Turner, F. “Terraforming and the Coming Charm Industries” in Advanced Space Research Vol. 22 No. 3 (1998) pp. 433-9.

Zubrin, R.M. “The Significance of the Martian Frontier” in Ad Astra Vol. 6 No. 5 (1994) pp. 29-37.

Zubrin, Robert, “The Terraforming Debate” in Mars Underground News Vol. 3 (1993) pp. ##

Zubrin, R.M., ed., “From Imagination to Reality: Mars Exploration Studies of the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society” AAS Science and Technology Series Vol. 91-92 (1997).

Zubrin, Robert and Richard Wagner, The Case for Mars: the Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why We Must (New York, NY: Touchstone, 1997).

Zubrin, Robert and Frank Crossman, eds., On to Mars: Colonizing a New World (Ontario, Canada: Apogee Books, 2002).

Polls and Public Perceptions (by date)

Carlson, Darren K. “Space: To Infinity and Beyond on a Budget” Gallup Poll News Service (August 17, 2004).

Kiefer, Heather Mason, “Would Today’s Teens Take a Space Odyssey?” Gallup Poll News Service (April 20, 2004).

Welch, Dennis, “Billions and Billions? As Long as it’s not in Dollars” Gallup Poll News Service (February 24, 2004).

Lester, Will, “Poll Shows Tepid Support for Space Push” Associated Press (January 12, 2004).

Lofstedt, Ragnar E. “Public Perceptions of the Mars Sample Return Program” in Space Policy Vol. 19, Issue 1 (November, 2003) pp. 283-292.

Jones, Jeffrey M., “Support for Space Program Funding High by Historical Standards” Gallup Poll News Service (August 19, 2003).

David, Leonard, “Poll: Despite Accident, Support for NASA Still High” space.com (February 18, 2003).

Moore, David W., “Support for NASA Shuttle Flights Remain Firm” Gallup Poll News Service (February 17, 2003).

Newport, Frank, “Americans Want Space Shuttle Program to Go On” Gallup Poll News Service (February 3, 2003).

Moore, David W., “Defense Spending” Gallup Poll News Service (September 30, 2002).

Shaw, Gweneth K. “Poll: Space Program Generates Low Enthusiasm in Public” Orlando Sentinel (March 10, 2002).

Carlson, Darren K., “Public Views NASA Positively, But Generally Disinterested in Increasing Its Budget” Gallup Poll News Service (March 8, 2001).

Carlson, Darren K., “Life on Mars?” Gallup Poll News Service (February 27, 2001).

Arvai, J.L., “Evaluating NASA’s Role in Risk Communication Process Surrounding Space Policy Decisions” in Space Policy 16 (2000) pp. 61-9.

Gillespie, Mark, “Confidence in NASA Slips After Failed Mars Missions” Gallup Poll News Service (December 16, 1999).

Newport, Frank, “Despite Recent High Visibility, Americans No Enthusiastic about Spending More Money on Space Program” Gallup Poll News Service (July 28, 1999).

Newport, Frank, “Landing a Man on the Moon: The Public’s View” Gallup Poll News Service (July 20, 1999).

Newport, Frank, “Space Program Gets Positive Reviews from the Public” Gallup Poll News Service (December 5, 1998).

ABC News Discovery Space Poll, ICPSR (July 1997).

Slovic, P. and D.G. MacGregor, “Perceptions of Planetary Protection: Preliminary Survey Analysis´Eugene, OR: Decision Research (1996).

MacGregor, D., P. Slovic, and M. Race, “Brief Report: Lay and Expert Perceptions of Planetary Protection” Eugene, OR, Decision Research, 1996.

MacGregor, D and P. Slovic, “The Planetary Exploration Survey: What Society Members Think about Planetary Protection” in Planetary Report 15 (1995) pp. 4-6.

Maharik, M. and B. Fischoff, “Risk Knowledge and Risk Attitudes Regarding Nuclear Energy Sources in Space” in Risk Analysis 13 (1993) pp. 345-53.

Maharik, M. and B. Fischoff, “Contrasting Perceptions of the Risks of Using Nuclear Energy Sources in Space” in Journal of Environmental Psychology 13 (1993) pp. 243-50.

Maharik, M. and B. Fischoff, “Public Views of Using Nuclear Energy Sources in Space Missions” in Space Policy 9 (1993) pp. 99-108.

Maharik, M. and B. Fischoff, “The Risks of Using Nuclear Energy Sources in Space: Some Lay Activists’ Perceptions” in Risk Analysis 12 (1992) pp. 383-92.

Humans in Space

Bloomfield, Lincoln P., ed., Outer Space: Prospects for Man & Society (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1962).

Britt, Robert Roy, “Alternate Universe: Human Spaceflight Without NASA?” space.com (December 9, 2003).

Crawford, I.A., “The Scientific Case for Renewed Human Activities on the Moon” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 2 (May, 2004) pp. 91-97.

Elhefnawy, Nader, “Beyond Columbia: Is there a Future for Humanity in Space?” in The Humanist (September/October 2003) pp. 26-29.

Johnson, R.D. and C. Holbrow, eds., “Space Settlements – a Design Study” NASA SP-413 (1977).

Kelly, John and Todd Halvorson, “Chart a Course in a Bold New Direction” in Florida Today (November 16, 2003).

Kistler, Walter, “Humanity’s Future in Space” in The Futurist (January 1999) pp. 43-46.

Landis, Geoffrey A., “An All-Woman Crew to Mars: a Radical Proposal” in Space Policy Vol. 16, Issue 3 (July, 2000) pp. 167-169.

The Mars Society, “Mars: Humanity’s Next Giant Leap” in The Futurist (March 1999).

Mendell, Wendell, “A Gateway for Human Exploration of Space? The Weak Stability Boundary” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 1 (February, 2001) pp. 13-17.

O’Neill, G.K., The High Frontier (London: Corgi Books, 1978).

Park, Robert, “The Virtual Astronaut” in The New Atlantis 4 (Winter 2004) pp. 90-93.

Sadeh, Eligar, “Human Mission from Planet Earth: Finding a Rationale for Exploration of the Moon and Mars” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 3 (August, 2001) pp. 205-212.

Seabra, Richard, “The ISADORA Module: A Multi-Purpose Studio for the Arts for the International Space Station” Paper CP504, Space Technology and Applications International Forum (2000).

Van Allen, James A., “Is Human Spaceflight Obsolete?” Issues in Science and Technology (Summer 2004).

Zubrin, Robert, “The Human Explorer” in The New Atlantis 4 (Winter 2004) pp. 93-96.

Astrobiology

Cockell, Charles, “Astrobiology – a New Opportunity for Interdisciplinary Thinking” in Space Policy Vol. 18, Issue 4 (November, 2002) pp. 263-266.

Dick, Steven J., “Cultural Aspects of Astrobiology” Presented at the 6 th Bioastronomy Meeting, Hawaii (August 1-6, 1999).

Grady, Monica M., “Astrobiology: The Search for Life Beyond the Earth” in Geology Today Vol. 19, No. 3 (May-June 2003) pp. 99-103.

Harrison, Albert A., Kathleen Connell, and Gregory Schmidt, “Astrobiology: Societal Issues” in Space Times Magazine (January/February 2002).

NASA Astrobiolgy Roadmap, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA http://astrobiology.arc.nasa.gov.

NASA Technical Memorandum, “Workshop on the Societal Implications of Astrobiology – Final Report” Ames Research Center (November 16-17, 1999).

Lupisella, M., “Astrobiology and Cosmocentrism” in Bioastronomy News IAU Commission 51, 10(1), published by The Planetary Society, Pasadena, CA (1998) pp. 1-2, 8.

Space Studies Board, the National Academies, “Life in the Universe: an Examination of United States and International Programs in Astrobiology – Summary” (July 2002).

Planetary Protection

COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy (October 20, 2002).

Cypser, Darlene, ”International Law & Policy of Extraterrestrial Planetary Protection” in Jurimetrics Vol. 33 (1993) pp. ##

DeVincenzi, D.L. and P.D. Stabekis, “Revised Planetary Protection Policy for Solar System Exploration,” in Proceedings of the 25 th COSPAR Meeting, Graz, Austria, 25 June-7 July 1984.

DeVincenzi, D.L., M. Race, and H.P. Klein, “Planetary Protection, Sample Return Missions and Mars Exploration: History, Status and Future Needs” in J Geophysical Research 103 (E12) (1998) pp. 28,577-28,585.

DeVincenzi, D.L., J. Bagby, M. Race, and J. Rummel, eds., Proceedings: Mars Sample Quarantine Protocol Workshop NASA/CP-1999-208772 (April, 1999). NASA Ames Res. Ctr., Moffett Field, CA, 1999.

Goh, Gerardine Meishan and Bobby Kazeminejad, “Mars Through the Looking Glass: an Interdisciplinary Analysis of Forward and Backward Contamination” in Space Policy Vol. 20, Issue 3 (August, 2004) pp. 217-225.

Mancinelli, R., “Peroxides and the Survivability of Microorganisms on the Surface of Mars” in Advanced Space Research Vol. 9, No. 6 (1989) p. 191.

McKay, Chris and Wanda Davis, “Planetary Protection Issues in Advance of Human Exploration of Mars” in Advances in Space Research Vol. 9, No. 6 (1989) p. ##

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Outbound Lunar Biological and Organic Contamination Control: Policy and Responsibility Washington, DC., NASA Policy Directive 8020.8A (May 12, 1969).

National Research Councils (NRC), Biological Contamination of Mars: Issues and Recommendations, Space Studies Board, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. (1992).

NRC, Mars Sample Return: Issues and Recommendations National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. (1997).

NRC, Evaluating the Biological Potential in Samples Returned from Planetary Satellites and Small Solar System Bodies: Framework for Decision Making, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. (1998).

NRC, The Quarantine and Certification of Martian Samples, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. (2002).

Race, Margaret S., “Societal Issues as Mars Missions Impediments: Planetary Protection and Contamination Concerns” in Advances in Space Research Vol. 15 (1994) pp. ##

Race, M.S., “Anticipating the Reaction: Public Concern about Sample Return Missions” in Planetary Report 14 (1994) pp. 20-22.

Race, M.S., “Mars Sample Return and Planetary Protection in a Public Context” in Advances in Space Research Vol. 22 No. 3 (1998) pp. 391-9.

Race, Margaret S. and John Rummel, “Bring Em Back Alive – Or at Least Carefully: Planetary Protection Provisions for Sample Return Missions” National Space Society, Ad Astra Magazine (1999).

Sharp, J.C., “Manned Mars Missions and Planetary Quarantine Considerations” in Manned Mars Missions, NASA M002. Washington, DC: NASA (June 1986).

Space Studies Board, National Research Council, Biological Contamination of Mars: Issues and Recommendations (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 1992).

Space Studies Board, National Research Council, Mars Sample Return Report (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 1997).

Wolfson, Wendy, “John Rummel Protects All of the Planets, All of the Time” in Red Herring (August 2002) pp. 30-31).

Private Space Exploration

Comments by Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, “A Second Kind of Frontier: the X Prize Triumpth and the Future of Space Travel” in The New Atlantis (Fall/Winter 2005).

Gray, Dale M., “Space as a Frontier – the Role of Human Motivation” in Space Policy Vol. 15, Issue 3 (August, 1999) pp. 159-165.

ISU Summer Session Students, 2000, “Dreams and Realities: the Challenges Facing Development of Space Tourism” in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 2 (May, 2001) pp. 133-140.

Livingston, David, “A Code of Ethics and Standards for Lunar Development and Outer-Space Commerce” Lunar Development Conference, Space Frontier Foundation (July 2001) http://www.spacefuture.com/archive/a_code_of_ethics_and_

standards_for_lunar_development_and_outer_space_commerce.shtml

Salin, Patrick A., “Privatization and Militarization in the Space Business Environment in Space Policy Vol. 17, Issue 1 (February, 2001) pp. 19-26.

Theology

Davies, Paul, “E.T. and God: Could Earthly Religions Survive the Discovery of Life Elsewhere in the Universe?” in The Atlantic Monthly (September 2003) pp. 112-118.

Denzler, Brenda, “Ufology, God-talk, and Theology” in Skeptic vol. 9, no. 3 (2002) pp. 50-59.

Peters, T., “Exo-Theology: Speculations on Extraterrestrial Life” in CTNS Bulletin 14, no. 3 (summer 1994) pp. 1-9. Center for Theology and Natural Sciences, Berkeley, CA, 1994.  

Treaties

Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 18 U.S.T. 2410, T.I.A.S. 6347, 610 U.N.T.S. 205, 27 January 1967 (entered into force 10 October 1967).

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Test in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water, 14 U.S.T. 1313, T.I.A.S. 5433, 480 U.N.T.S. 205, 5 August 1963 (entered into force 10 October 1963).

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques, T.I.A.S. 9614, 18 May 1977 (entered into force 17 January 1980).

Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, 23 U.S.T. 3435, T.I.A.S. 7503, 26 May 1972 (entered into force 3 October 1972).

Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects, 24 U.S.T. 2389, T.I.A.S. 7762, 29 March 1972 (entered into force 9 October 1973).

Convention on the Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space, 28 U.S.T. 695, T.I.A.S. 8480, 14 January 1975 (entered into force 15 September 1976).

Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, A/RES/34/68, 14 December 1979.